Tuesday, August 23, 2011

Building Sate, Bandung

Gedung Sate, with his trademark form of ornament skewers on the central tower, has long been a marker or landmark of Bandung is not only known to the public in West Java, but also throughout Indonesia even model building was used as a sign of some buildings and signs of the city in West Java. For example the front of the building form Railway Station Tasikmalaya. Began construction in 1920, this white building is still standing strong but graceful and now serves as the central building of government of West Java.
Gedung Sate is in the Dutch East Indies was called Gouvernements Bedrijven (GB), laying the first stone by Johanna Catherina Coops, eldest daughter of the Mayor of Bandung, B. Coops and Petronella Roelofsen, representing the Governor-General in Batavia, JP Graaf van Limburg Stirum on July 27, 1920, is the result of planning a team consisting of Ir.J.Gerber, a young architect leading Netherlands Delft graduates of the Faculty of Engineering, Ir. Eh. De Roo and Ir. G. Hendriks and van Gemeente Bandoeng party, headed by Col.. Pur. VL. Slors involving 2000 workers, 150 people including sculptors, or expert bongpay tombstone carver and wood engraver Chinese nationals from Konghu or Cantonese, assisted by masons, coolies stir and servers that come from residents in Kampung Sekeloa, Dago small hole Kampung, Kampung Gandok and Kampung Cibarengkok, which they had previously worked Gedong shingles (ITB Campus) and Gedong Papak (Bandung City Hall).
During the period of four years in September 1924 successfully completed the construction of the main building Gouverments Bedrijven parent, including the headquarters of the PTT (Postal, Telephone and Telegraph and the Library.
Architecture Gedung Sate is the work of architect Ir. J. Gerber and his group are not independent of the input maestro Dr.Hendrik Dutch architect Petrus Berlage, who bernuansakan face of the traditional architecture of the archipelago.
Many among architects and building experts expressed Gedung Sate is a stunning elegant monumental building with unique architectural style leads to a form of architectural style of Indo-European (Indo Europeeschen architectuur Stijl), so it is not impossible if the elegance of Borobudur participate coloring Gedung Sate.
Some opinions about the magnificent Gedung Sate including Cor Pashier and Jan Wittenberg two Dutch architects, who said "Gedung Sate architectural style is the style of the architect's experimental results that lead to forms of Indo-European architectural style."
D. Ruhl in his Bandoeng en haar Hoogvlakte 1952, "Gedung Sate is the most beautiful building in Indonesia".
Ir. HPBerlage, during a visit to the Sate House April 1923, stated, "Gedung Sate is a work of great architecture, which successfully combines eastern and western styles in harmony". Like the style of Italian architecture in the renaiscance especially in the west wing of the building. While storey tower in the middle of the building or pagoda-like roof Meru. There are many other architects of opinion that declared the splendor of Indonesia such as Slamet Wirasonjaya Gedung Sate, and Ir. Harnyoto Kunto.
Gedung Sate strong and intact until now, is inseparable from the material and technical construction material used. Gedung Sate walls made of large pieces of stone size (1 × 1 × 2 m) taken from the hill area around the rock in the eastern Bandung Arcamanik and Mount Manglayang. Gedung Sate building construction using conventional professional manner with attention to standard techniques.
Sate House stands on an area of ​​27990.859 m², a building area of ​​10877.734 3039.264 m² m² consists of Basement, First Floor 4062.553 m², 212.976 m² terrace first floor, second floor 3023.796 m², terrace Second floor 212 976 m² , towers and terraces 121 m² 205.169 m² tower.
Gerber itself combines multiple streams of architecture into the design. For windows, Gerber takes the theme of Moorish Spain, while for the building dalah Italian Rennaisance. Especially for the tower, Gerber flow entering Asia, namely style roof Balinese temples or pagodas in Thailand. At its peak there is a "skewer" with 6 skewers of fruit ornaments (Another version mentions rose water or jasmine), which represents 6 million guilders - the amount of the costs used to build the Sate House.
Facade (front) Gedung Sate was very calculated. By following the north-south axis (which is also applied in Pakuan Building, overlooking Mount Malabar in the south), Gedung Sate instead deliberately built facing Tangkuban Perahu mountain in the north.
In the journey originally reserved for the Ministry of Traffic and Public Works, even become the center of the Netherlands East Indies after Batavia has considered ineligible as the central government because of its development, so it is used by the Bureau of Public Works. Dated December 3, 1945 occurred the events that took the lives of seven young men who defend Gedung Sate of Gurkha troops attack. To commemorate the seven young men, made a monument of stone that is placed behind the Sate House lawn. On the orders of the Minister of Public Works on December 3, 1970 The monument was moved to the front page of Gedung Sate.
Gedung Sate since 1980 known as the Office of the Governor because as the center of West Java Provincial Government, which previously occupied West Java Province governance Kerta Mukti Building on Jalan Braga, Bandung.
Governors are working space on the second floor along with the workspace Vice Governor, Provincial Secretary, The Assistant and the Bureau. Currently the Governor helped by three Deputy Governor in charge of Governance, Economic Affairs and Development, and People's Welfare, an Assistant Secretary of the Regional and Four public administration Assistant, Administrative Assistant Development, Social Welfare Assistant and Administrative Assistant.
But not all occupy Assistant Gedung Sate. Social Welfare Assistant and Administrative Assistant with staff occupy the New Building.
In the east and west there are two large rooms that will be reminiscent of the ballroom (ball room) that is often found in public buildings of Europe. This room is more commonly known as the hall of the west and the east hall, often used official activities. In the second round this hall there are rooms that housed some of the Bureau with his staff.
On the top floor there is the so-called Tower of Gedung Sate, the floor is not visible from below, to get to the top floor using the elevator or climb the wooden stairs.
Gedung Sate magnificent perfection comes with a New Building that takes a bit of architectural styles but the style of Gedung Sate contextual work of architects who built in 1977 Ir.Sudibyo reserved for the Chairman and Members of the Legislative Assembly of West Java Province in carrying out its duties and functions as a Legislative area.
Gedung Sate has become one of the goals of attractions in the city of Bandung. Special foreigners many of them are deliberately been having emotional connection or history on this building. The linkage of emotion and history will probably feel more complete if you climb the stairs one at a time that is available to the tower of Gedung Sate. There are 6 steps that must be passed by each of the 10 steps that must be climbed.
The beauty of Gedung Sate is equipped with the surrounding park are well maintained, do not be surprised if the park is attractive to people of the city of Bandung and the tourists, both domestic and foreign countries. The beauty of this park is often used as the location of familial bernuansakan activity, location shooting video clips of music artists both local and national artists, the location of a family photo or a picture of yourself and even photograph the wedding couple.
Special pages neighborhood on Sunday Gedung Sate be an option where the majority of the people to relax, just sit around enjoying the fresh air or light exercise Bandung city.
Gedung Sate compare with the central government buildings (capitol building) in many of the nation's capital does not seem excessive. The equation is all built in the middle of a green complex with a magnificent central tower. Especially in terms of the location of buildings and landscapes satay relatively similar to the White House in Washington, DC, United States. It can be said Gedung Sate is the "White House" was the city of Bandung.

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